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Ultrasound Seminar II

DMS 212

Ultrasound Seminar II

DMS 212

Course Description

Prerequisites: Prerequisites: DMS 201, DMS 202, DMS 206, and DMS 207 all with a "B" (3.

0) minimum grade, and LWA 206B and LWA 206C each with a “C” (2.0) minimum grade. Concurrent enrollment in DMS 217. Discusses all aspects of sonographic imaging including scanning techniques and protocols, normal and abnormal sonographic patterns, pathologic and disease processes, and differential diagnosis. Includes preparation for the ARDMS certifying examinations. (60-0)

Outcomes and Objectives

Demonstrate complete understanding of ultrasound physics and instrumentation in preparation for the certifying examination required to work in diagnostic sonography.

Objectives:

  • Define specific terms and ultrasonic units of measurement related to ultrasound physics and instrumentation.
  • Describe the main theories of ultrasonic physics including wave propagation, tissue and ultrasound interaction, piezo and reverse piezoelectric effect.
  • List the main components of an ultrasound transducer.
  • Discuss operating frequency, bandwidth, transducer Q and curie point.
  • Describe the different fields within the sound beam, along with the factors that control them, and the effect of varying these factors.
  • Describe axial and lateral resolution, the factors that control them and the effect of varying these factors.
  • List the basic components of pulse echo, B-scan and Real time ultrasound system along with the factors that control them.
  • Define gain and time compensated gain and their use to obtain high quality sonographic image.
  • Identify the standard ultrasound test objects and the parameters they evaluate.
  • Discuss possible biological effects produced by ultrasonic propagation through human tissues.

Demonstrate a complete understanding of abdominal/pelvic sonography in preparation for the certifying examination required to work in diagnostic sonography.

Objectives:

  • Recognize normal and abnormal anatomy of the liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, adrenal glands, kidneys, great vessels, retroperitoneum, and the general abdominal cavity.
  • Discuss major disease processes of the above mentioned anatomy.
  • Describe routine scanning protocols for the major organs and related normal measurements.
  • Discuss clinical laboratory tests for abdominal organs and correlate their values with sonographic findings and disease processes.
  • List differential diagnosis' for a given sonographic pattern in abdominal/pelvis sonography.

Demonstratea complete understanding of obstetrical and gynecologic sonography in preparation for the certifying examination required to work in diagnostic sonography.

Objectives:

  • Recognize normal and abnormal anatomy of the female pelvis and gravid uterus.
  • Recognize abnormal sonographic patterns related to major disease processes of the female pelvis and gravid uterus.
  • Describe scanning techniques and protocols, along with related measurements, for obstetrical and gynecologic sonography.
  • Discuss clinical laboratory tests for the female reproductive system and developing fetus and correlate their values with sonographic findings and disease processes.
  • List differential diagnoses for given sonographic patterns in obstetrical and gynecologic sonography.

Demonstrate a complete understanding of small parts sonography in preparation for the certifying examination required to work in diagnostic sonography.

Objectives:

  • Recognize normal and abnormal anatomy of the thyroid, neck, breast, scrotum and prostate.
  • Discuss major disease processes of the above-mentioned anatomy.
  • Describe routine scanning protocols for small parts imaging and related normal measurements.
  • Discuss clinical laboratory tests for small parts anatomy and correlate their values with sonographic findings and disease processes.
  • List differential diagnoses for a given sonographic pattern in small parts imaging.

Demonstrate skills in research analysis and presentation.

Objectives:

  • Demonstrate competency in extrapolating information on a particular ultrasound subject and organizing it into informative oral and/or written presentations.
  • Demonstrate writing skills needed to prepare case reports, technical articles and abstracts relating to sonography.
  • Demonstrate basic communication and speech presentation skills.

Demonstrate skills in image interpretation and case analysis.

Objectives:

  • Use appropriate sonographic terms to describe pathology.
  • Demonstrate the proper method for documenting pathological findings.
  • Analyze a sonographic case to determine pathology differentials.
  • Identify key pathology differentials based on patient clinical data and sonographic findings.