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Dental Materials I

DA 114W

Dental Materials I

DA 114W

Course Description

Prerequisites: Prerequisites: BIO 140W or BIO 152W and BIO 153W; any approved College Composition I; and COM 112W or COM 114W, with a "C" (2.

0) or better in in each. Concurrent enrollment in DA 106W, DA 110, and DA 110LW. Presents theory, properties, manipulation, and hazard management of dental material to include cements, liners, amalgam, and resins. (30-0)

Outcomes and Objectives

Describe dental materials, their properties and characteristics, and how they relate to the duties of a dental assistant.

Objectives:

  • Describe the history and importance of obtaining knowledge of dental materials.
  • Access the dental assistant's role in applications of dental materials.
  • Explain the purpose of dental materials.
  • List the commonly used restorative materials.
  • Identify brand names of various dental materials.
  • Name and discuss the organization responsible for regulating and certifying dental materials.
  • Explain the difference between direct and indirect restorative materials and be able to identify types of each.
  • Describe and understand the various properties and characteristics of dental materials.

Identify bases, liners, and varnishes as they pertain to restorative dentistry.

Objectives:

  • Identify the chemical composition of bases, liners, and varnishes/desensitizers/dental sealers.
  • Explain the specific functions, properties, and characteristics of bases, lines, and varnishes/desensitizers; where, when, why, and how they are used.
  • Identify brand names of commonly used materials.
  • Understand bonding systems; how, why, and when they are used.

Identify amalgam direct restorative material.

Objectives:

  • Describe the history of dental amalgam.
  • Describe the components of different types of amalgam compositions.
  • Explain the necessity of mercury hygiene, spill clean-up, and long-term exposure symptoms.
  • Analyze internet information on amalgam usage and concerns.
  • Be able to address patient concerns about dental amalgam and mercury.
  • Describe the amalgamation process.
  • Recognize and correct problems with amalgamation.
  • Describe the uses of amalgam and how important proper amalgamation is in producing the proper consistency.
  • Identify brand names of amalgam.

Identify components of and discuss various bonding systems

Objectives:

  • Identify the chemical composition of avious bondy systems
  • Explain the specific functions, properties and characteristics of bonding agents
  • Explain where, when, why and the application techniques for bonding systems
  • Identify brand names of commonly used bonding systems

Identify direct esthetic restorative materials, resins, Type II glass ionomers, composites

Objectives:

  • Describe the history of esthetic direct restorative materials.
  • Describe the chemical composition, properties, and characteristics of esthetic materials.
  • Identify the types, uses, and manipulation of various esthetic materials.
  • Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of direct esthetic restorative materials.
  • Identify brand names of common esthetic materials.

Identify and discuss whitening systems

Objectives:

  • Define tooth whitening
  • Explain the difference between vital and nonvital tooth whitening
  • Explain the difference between intrinsic and extrinsic stains and provide examples of each
  • Describe the composition and properites of bleaching materials.
  • List the factors that affect the success of the tooth whitening
  • Compare, contrast and list contraindications of patient-applied and professionaly applied vital whitening
  • Discuss measures ot prevent or alleviate tooth whitening side effects
  • Identify brands of various tooth whitening materials

Identify and discuss preventative materials

Objectives:

  • Discuss the use of pit and fissure sealants
  • Describe the composition and properties of sealant materials
  • Explain the application process and placement of sealant materials
  • Identify brands of various types of sealant materials
  • Discuss the rationale for fluoride treatments
  • Describe the composition and properties of fluoride
  • Discuss the application processes of fluoride delivery
  • Identify the brand names of various types of fluoride

Describe and compare types of temporary cements to include (but not limited to), Type I Glass ionomers, composite resin cements, zinc oxide eugenol, polycarboxylate, and zinc phosphate

Objectives:

  • Differentiate between permanent and temporary cements; uses, when where, when.
  • Identify the chemical components, properties and characteristics of various cements
  • Discuss the manipuluation techniques and application process of the various types of cements
  • Examine the primary (luting) consistency of cements
  • Discuss proper removal techniques of cements
  • Identify brand names of cements.