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Computer Concepts & Competencies

CST 133W

Computer Concepts & Competencies

CST 133W

Course Description

Prerequisite: READING LEVEL 3. Prepares for the on-going ethical, environmental, societal and global issues of technology. Presents computer concepts including input and output of data and how information is processed, stored, and shared. Examines the purpose of networks, their technologies, scopes, and connectivity issues. Gives major consideration to Internet technology and access emphasizing research, education, communication, e-commerce, and security. Provides an introduction to software engineering and the analysis and design of computer systems. Discusses computer platforms, architectures, and system software. Develops PC competencies and skills including file management, word processing, spreadsheets, presentation graphics, database, Internet, Web pages, and graphics. Credit may be earned in CST 133 or CIS 133, but not both. (60-0)

Outcomes and Objectives

Recognize the components of a computer system and identify the different pieces of hardware.

Objectives:

  • Describe various hardware devices used for input
  • Describe various hardware devices used for output
  • List the differences and use of various types of computers
  • Describe storage media and devices, drive interfaces and how to measure and improve performance
  • Describe emerging hardware technologies

Choose, organize and develop the content of a presentation. Communicate effectively in speaking and listening.

Objectives:

  • Choose a specific topic and purpose, develop main points, provide supporting evidence for the topic, and determine who the target audience is
  • Use software tools to develop the message with a recognizable introduction, development and conclusion
  • Use software tools to prepare appropriate supporting materials

Use effective listening skills. Communicate effectively in speaking and listening.

Objectives:

  • Pay attention and listen carefully and respectfully to technical discussions and directions
  • Make sense of a technical message
  • Act appropriately and effectively based on the technical information

Interpret technical statements, texts, theories, problems, symbols and observations. Think critically and access, analyze and use information including using current computer technology.

Objectives:

  • Identify important questions of a written or spoken technical text
  • Clarify and analyze the meanings of technical words, phrases and statements
  • Learn the meanings of relevant symbols used with computers and ways to use them
  • Develop a perspective with regards to various computer concepts
  • Generate and collect relevant observable or measurable information or data using application software
  • Organize and present information or data in tables, charts and graphs

Formulate a question or need, develop a strategy to meet that question or need to solve a technical problem. Think critically and access, analyze and use information including using current computer technology.

Objectives:

  • Generate, assess and validate solutions to a technical problem
  • Develop and question alternative formulations of a technical problem
  • Search and access information via computer networks and databases
  • Evaluate information or data for quality, validity and bias to determine if it is objective and reliable
  • Question assumptions, data and formulations of problems and proposed answers

Understand and practice the intellectual and participatory skills identified with effective citizenship. Value and practice citizenship.

Objectives:

  • Identify, describe, explain and evaluate important public issues associated with computer technology
  • Recognize the role of core values associated with computer technology in the workings of a diverse society

Define and describe the various categories of software.

Objectives:

  • Explain the different Operating Systems and User Interfaces (GUI and Command)
  • Define Multitasking and Object Linking and Embedding
  • Describe the integrating of information among multiple applications
  • Describe how operating systems organize files
  • Describe the functions of operating system utility software
  • Identify and explain the use of selected Application Software from each of the five main categories (Word processing, Spreadsheet, Database, Graphics, and Communications)
  • Describe the various file formats involved with applications and their compatibility
  • Compare and contrast the use of bitmap and vector graphics files
  • Describe emerging media software technologies

Define the Systems Development Life Cycle and the role of Systems Analysis and Design.

Objectives:

  • Describe how Information Systems are enhanced by the use of computers
  • Describe how hardware and software interact to solve problems
  • Define the different Information Systems and their components, including Office Automation Systems, Transaction Processing Systems, Decision Support Systems, Management Information Systems and Expert Systems
  • List the members of an Information Systems Department and their roles
  • Define the phases of the Systems Development Life Cycle as it applies to systems development and program development
  • Compare and contrast developing Custom Software and use of Pre-packaged programs
  • Describe how algorithms are developed
  • Describe the programming techniques used in standardized software development
  • Compare and contrast the different generations of programming Languages
  • List ways to build a program and the steps in program development
  • Compare and contrast Structured Programming and Object Oriented Programming
  • Identify Language Interpreters and Compilers and how they function
  • Identify Source Code versus Object Code
  • Describe the use of Database Management Systems and determine the data file organization that is needed by various applications, including flat file and relational data bases
  • Describe the methods of processing and determine when one would use Batch and Interactive Processing
  • Define Source Data Automation, its use and importance
  • Identify uses of Multimedia, Artificial Intelligence, Robotics, Virtual Reality and Expert Systems

Describe Computer Architecture and how information is processed and stored inside the computer.

Objectives:

  • Describe the Central Processing Unit, its different parts and how it functions.
  • Define the internal clock and machine cycle and describe how computer performance is measured
  • Explain how data is represented and the different encoding schemes and number bases (Binary, Hexadecimal, and Decimal)
  • Describe the functions of RAM, ROM and cache memory and their addressing
  • Describe other components such as bus, expansion slots, boards and ports

Explain Data/Telecommunications.

Objectives:

  • Identify the characteristics in different communications media and describe the different methods of transmission and media used
  • Explain the use of Networks (LAN and WAN)
  • Describe Client/Server Networks and Peer-to-Per Networks
  • Explain how data and peripheral devices are shared
  • Identify the different telecommunications applications
  • Describe the different types of networks and the topology of each
  • Describe how the Internet works and how traffic is routed
  • Describe the major features and uses of the Internet

Explain how computers affect our lives.

Objectives:

  • Explain the issues of Privacy versus Security
  • Identify what constitutes Computer Crime and how we can protect ourselves against it
  • Identify the role of Ethics in the computer field
  • Describe ergonomic and other health issues associated with using a computer
  • Define the career opportunities and education needed for each field associated with computers

Use the software as presented in lab.

Objectives:

  • Use the Operating System
  • Use a Word Processing application
  • Use a Spreadsheet application
  • Use a Database application
  • Use a Presentation Graphics application
  • Work with Graphics
  • Perform Application Integration
  • Use the Internet
  • Perform elementary programming

Gather information about computers by reading technical text. Communicate effectively in reading and writing.

Objectives:

  • Identify and summarize the main points of a technical reading
  • Derive meaning from a technical reading

Write effectively for a technical audience and purpose by using writing tasks to promote learning. Communicate effectively in reading and writing.

Objectives:

  • Organize and integrate information into a format that illustrates patterns, clusters and hierarchies of information
  • Articulate important technical ideas to demonstrate knowledge of computers
  • Organize written information into tables, charts and graphs using word processing, spreadsheet, presentation graphics, and database to facilitate interpretation
  • Employ conventions of written, edited, standard English (WESE)
  • Interpret and present information accurately in tables, charts and graphs
  • Document sources in conventional style
  • Use appropriate technical vocabulary for the audience and purpose
  • Document attainment of knowledge/skills learned