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A & P Case Studies

BIO 160BW

A & P Case Studies

BIO 160BW

Course Description

Prerequisites: Prerequisites: READING LEVEL 2, WRITING LEVEL 2 AND MATH LEVEL 3 and BIO 140 or BIO 153 or BIO 241 with a "C" (2.

0) minimum grade. Provides comprehensive review and updates of contents of human anatomy and physiology using case studies of six different body systems (cardiovascular/respiratory/nervous/digestive/renal/endocrine). Focuses on developing critical thinking, problem solving, and student directed learning while establishing mastery of material. (30-0)

Outcomes and Objectives

Demonstrate understanding of the interaction between the human cardiovascular and other systems of the human body.

Objectives:

  • Introduce a case study involving the cardiovascular system.
  • Make a list of symptoms which may lead to the main problem.
  • Describe the anatomy of the cardiovascular system, including heart, arteries, veins and capillaries.
  • Illustrate the physiology of the heart, arteries, veins and capillaries.
  • Analyze and compare the symptoms of the patient in the presented case (i.e. the blood pressure and EKG) to the physiological state.
  • Relate the main problem in the presented case to at least 4 other body systems i.e. respiratory/ digestive/ renal/ integumentary.
  • Suggest treatment options and how to solve problems of the case.
  • Work as a team and analyze the case study using your textbooks from your previous Biology classes/ models and additional handouts from instructor.

Demonstrate understanding of the interaction between the human respiratory and other systems of the human body.

Objectives:

  • Introduce a case study involving the respiratory system.
  • Make a list of symptoms which lead to the main problems.
  • Illustrate the anatomy of the respiratory system.
  • Review the external and internal respiration.
  • Analyze and compare the symptoms of the patient in the presented case with the physiology of breathing.
  • Relate the main problem in the presented case to at least 4 other body systems i.e. digestive/ renal/ integumentary/ nervous.
  • Suggest treatment options and how to solve problems.
  • Work as a team and analyze the case study using your textbooks from your previous Biology classes/ models and additional handouts from instructor.

Demonstrate understanding of the interaction between the human nervous and other systems of the human body.

Objectives:

  • Introduce a case study involving the nervous system.
  • Make a list of symptoms which lead to the main problems.
  • Describe the anatomy of the nervous system, and its division into CNS and PNS.
  • Illustrate the physiology of the different parts of the brain, spinal cord, spinal nerves, tracts, peripheral nerves
  • Explain the importance of the myelin sheath in the central and peripheral nervous systems.
  • Review the blood supply to the brain and the Circle of Willis (cerebral arterial circle).
  • Review resting membrane potential, action potential, refractory period
  • Illustrate an understanding of the ANS and its parts
  • nalyze and compare the symptoms of the patient in the presented case i.e. blood supply, CSF-circulation to the physiological state. Relate the main problem in the presented case to at least 4 other body systems (i.e.: respiratory/ digestive/ renal/ integumentary).
  • Suggest treatment options and how to solve problems of the case.
  • Work as a team and analyze the case study using your textbooks from your previous Biology classes/ models and additional handouts from instructor.

Demonstrate understanding of the interaction between the human digestive and other systems of the human body.

Objectives:

  • Introduce a case study involving the digestive system.
  • Make a list of symptoms which lead to the main problems.
  • Illustrate the anatomy and physiology of each organ of the digestive system.
  • Describe how these organs interact in digestion.
  • Review malabsorption and its effects on the body.
  • Analyze and compare the symptoms of the patient in the presented case with the physiology of digestion.
  • Relate the main problem in the presented case to at least 4 other body systems (i.e.: renal/ integumentary/ skeletal/ nervous system).
  • Suggest treatment options and how to solve problems.
  • Work as a team and analyze the case study using your textbooks from your previous Biology classes/ models and additional handouts from instructor.

Demonstrate understanding of the interaction between the human renal and other systems of the human body.

Objectives:

  • Introduce a case study involving the renal system.
  • Make a list of symptoms which lead to the main problem in the presented case.
  • Illustrate the anatomy and physiology of the renal system (i.e.: urine production, pathway of urine and control of urinary flow).
  • Review filtration, diffusion and secretion as basic steps in urine formation.
  • Analyze and compare the symptoms of the patient in the presented case with the physiology of the renal system.
  • Relate the main problem(s) to at least 4 other body systems (i.e.: respiratory/ digestive/ integumentary/ vascular and blood/ skeletal).
  • Suggest treatment options and how to solve problems.
  • Work as a team and analyze the case study using your textbooks from your previous Biology classes/ models and additional handouts from instructor.

Demonstrate understanding of the interaction between the human endocrine system and other systems of the human body.

Objectives:

  • Introduce a case study involving the endocrine system.
  • Name the different organs of the endocrine system.
  • Describe each gland and its hormones.
  • Review the hypothalamus/ hypophysis feedback mechanism
  • Make a list of symptoms which lead to the main problem and relate it to a gland.
  • Analyze and compare the symptoms of the patient in the presented case to the physiological state.
  • Relate it to at least to 4 other body systems (i.e.: respiratory/ digestive/ renal/ nervous system).
  • Suggest treatment options and how to solve problems.
  • Work as a team and analyze the case study using your textbooks from your previous Biology classes/ models and additional handouts from instructor.

Develop a case study involving at least 3 major body systems.

Objectives:

  • Will work in a team (often of 3 students) to develop a case; indicate the patient’s age, gender, and a brief history of the chief complaint that brought the patient to the hospital or to the student’s attention. Note the important physical observations and assessments that were reported.
  • Determine what information will be needed to fully understand the medical condition of the individual.
  • Focus on the chief medical complaint and any interesting associated problem, discuss the underlying anatomy and physiology that explain the physical condition of this patient.
  • Indicate 3 other major body systems that are involved in this disease
  • Suggest treatment options and how to solve problems.

Recognize common biological themes in case studies.

Objectives:

  • Demonstrate understanding of structure and function of the human body and its organ systems
  • Develop ability to integrate this knowledge to clinical case.
  • Develop skills in using materials, tools and/or technology central to this subject
  • Apply knowledge to differentiate between healthy and not healthy state.
  • Understand the language of anatomy and physiology and apply this language in communication with patients and the medical team.
  • Communicate effectively in writing and speaking in front of a specific audience.
  • Work productively with others in a team.