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Physical Agents II

PTA 205

Physical Agents II

PTA 205

Course Description

Prerequisites: Prerequisites: PTA 102, PTA 120, PTA 120L, PTA 121, PTA 123W, PTA 123LW, PTA 124, PTA 125, PTA 125LW, and LWA 206B, each with a "C" (2.

0) minimum grade. Concurrent enrollment in PTA 205L, PTA 209, PTA 209L, PTA 210, PTA 210LW, PTA 213, PTA 213L, PTA 214W, PTA 216, PTA 222, and LWA 206C. Provides the theory and principles necessary to understand electrical stimulation and other advanced modalities. Prepares the student to provide physical therapy intervention as part of a physical therapist's plan of care, under the direction and supervision of the physical therapist. (12-0)

Outcomes and Objectives

Describe the medical application of electrical stimulation for a physical therapy treatment.

Objectives:

  • List the indications and contraindications for electrotherapy.
  • Describe the sensation of electrotherapy.
  • Describe and perform the various clinical setups including two pad, four pad, four pad reciprocal, point electrode.
  • Summarize the theory of electricity and its application to treatment.
  • Describe the various diagnoses that can be treated with electrical stimulation.
  • Compare and contrast the appropriate use of the electrical stimulation equipment.

Discuss the rationale for using electrical stimulation during wound care.

Objectives:

  • Discuss the utilization, contraindications, indications, warnings, and precautions of electrical stimulation during wound care.

Discuss potential legal and ethical issues.

Objectives:

  • Describe an appropriate response to each legal/ethical clinical issue discussed in class.

Use appropriate action in emergency situations.

Objectives:

  • Initiate BCLS procedures during mock emergency scenarios.
  • Participate in mock disaster drills.

Describe the application of TENS (Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation).

Objectives:

  • Describe and perform positioning for TENS application.
  • Identify the various options for utilization of TENS, including trigger points, meridians, cutaneous areas.
  • Explain the principles of pain modulation including the endorphin theory and gate control theory.
  • List indications and contraindications and precautions for TENS.
  • List special considerations in the use of TENS.
  • Describe the sensation of TENS.

Describe the application of NMES/FES.

Objectives:

  • Describe the theory behind NMES/FES.
  • List the indications and contraindications and precautions for NMES/FES.
  • List special considerations in the use of NMES/FES.
  • Describe the sensation of NMES/FES.

Describe the application of biofeedback.

Objectives:

  • Describe the theory of biofeedback.
  • List the indications and contraindications and precautions for biofeedback.
  • List the special considerations for the use of biofeedback.

Describe the application of interferential electrical stimulation.

Objectives:

  • Describe the theory of interferential current.
  • List the indications and contraindications and precautions for interferential.
  • List the special considerations for the use of interferential.

Describe the application of direct current iontophoresis.

Objectives:

  • Describe the theory of DC and iontophoresis.
  • List the indications and contraindications and precautions for DC and iontophoresis.
  • List the diagnosis appropriate for the use of DC and iontophoresis.
  • Appy motor point stimulation with DC.

Describe the application of high volt and medium frequency electrical stimulation.

Objectives:

  • Describe the theory.
  • List the indications/contraindications and precautions.
  • List special considerations.

Describe the application of US with EMS.

Objectives:

  • Describe the theory of US with EMS.
  • List the indications and contraindications and precautions for US with EMS.
  • List the special considerations for the use of US with EMS.

Describe electrical stimulation treatment.

Objectives:

  • Teach other health care providers, patients, and families to perform electrical stimulation treatments as appropriate.