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Applied Clinical Anatomy I

PTA 101

Applied Clinical Anatomy I

PTA 101

Course Description

Prerequisite: Admission to the Physical Therapist Assistant Program. Concurrent enrollment in PTA 101LW, PTA 105, PTA 105LW, PTA 110, PTA 110L, ENG 113, and LW 206A. Provides skeletal anatomy concepts necessary to implement procedures utilized in physical therapy practice. Provides the technical and data collection knowledge necessary to assist a physical therapist with goniometry. Prepares the student to perform physical therapy intervention as part of a physical therapist's plan of care, under the direction and supervision of the physical therapist. (30-0)

Outcomes and Objectives

Describe the basic functional characteristics of the human skeletal system.

Objectives:

  • Define anatomical terminology.
  • Define planes of motion and types of motion.
  • Describe the composition and structure of bone.
  • Define three classes of joints and types within each class.
  • Define planes and axes of movement of joints.
  • Describe the structure of the joint.
  • Define the functions of the skeleton.

Describe the neuromusculoskeletal characteristics of the human neck and trunk.

Objectives:

  • Label and define normal and abnormal curves of vertebral column.
  • Describe components of typical vertebra.
  • Define orientation and function of facets at each level of the spine.
  • Describe the bony anatomy of the skull.

Describe the neuromusculoskeletal characteristics of the human upper extremity.

Objectives:

  • Identify real or functional joints of the shoulder complex.
  • Define scapulo-humeral rhythm and glenohumeral rhythm.
  • Explain carrying angle of the elbow joint.
  • Describe the bony anatomy of the upper extremity.
  • Describe the clinical significance of upper extremity bony landmarks.

Describe the neuromusculoskeletal characteristics of the human lower extremity.

Objectives:

  • Identify structural and functional differences between the hip and shoulder.
  • Describe the articular surface of the acetabulum.
  • Explain the angle of inclination and the angle of torsion.
  • Describe selected bursae of the body joints and locations.
  • Describe the bony anatomy of the lower extremity.
  • Describe the clinical significance of lower extremity bony landmarks.

Discuss the human skeletal system.

Objectives:

  • Communicate verbally to patients, peers, caregivers, and other health care professionals using proper anatomical terminology appropriate to the audience.
  • Communicate proper anatomical concepts as related to patients and their treatment in writing for use by medical or non-medical personnel.
  • Describe verbally and in writing anatomical components of the body in relationship to specific symptoms, diseases or disease processes.
  • Read and comprehend anatomical references in patient charts, or other literature.

Discuss relevant potential legal and ethical issues as well as responses to each issue.

Objectives:

  • Recognize course content that might have legal or ethical consequences.

Demonstrate understanding of the concept of joint range of motion measurement.

Objectives:

  • Define goniometry.
  • Explain the principles of goniometry.
  • Describe the parts of goniometry.

Discuss the theory of mobility exercises.

Objectives:

  • List the components which can interfere with mobility and flexibility.
  • List the ypes of mobilitiy exercises that are available.
  • Differentiate between AROM, AAROM, and PROM.
  • Compare and contrast indications/benefits/limitation of AROM, AAROM, and PROM.
  • Describe the effect of gravity in respect to joint active mobility.
  • Differentiate between gravity resisted, gravity, eliminated, and gravity assisted.
  • Determine positions of the body, in respect to GR, GE, and GA, for mobility exercises.
  • Define the concepts of muscles insufficiencies.
  • Describe ROM end feels.