Physical Science IPSC 101
Prerequisites: Prerequisites: READING LEVEL 2 and WRITING LEVEL 2 and MATH LEVEL 2.
Physical Science is a general education science lab course in the Physics Discipline. It focuses on some general physics, meteorology, geology, and astronomy concepts. This course is a potpourri of physical science concepts that are taught in a lecture and experimental environment. Recommended for non-science majors, including education majors. (45-30)
Outcomes and Objectives
PROCESS OUTCOMES The students will participate in the process of science.
- Make observations
- Design experiments
- Conduct experiments
- Formulate and test hypotheses
- Collect data
- Analyze data
- Draw conclusions
- Report results
The student will be able to explain basic magnetism concepts.
- Explain the law of poles, and the magnetic field.
- Identify the cause of magnetism, and explain why some materials can be magnetized and some cannot.
- Identify some electromagnetic interactions and applications.
- Distinguish between motors and generators.
- Explain the principle of transformers, and how and why they are used in electrical power transmission.
The student will be able to explain basic plate tectonics concepts.
- Compare and contrast the three types of seismic waves.
- Describe the interior of the earth.
- Explain the process of locating an earthquake epicenter.
- Describe the differences between continental and oceanic crust.
- Describe the evidence that supports continental drift.
- Describe the evidence that supports sea-floor spreading hypothesis.
- Describe and give examples the three kinds of plate boundaries.
- Describe a subduction zone.
- Describe the characteristics of ocean-ocean convergent boundaries.
- Describe the characteristics of ocean-continent convergent boundaries.
- Describe the characteristics of continent-continent convergence boundaries.
- Explain the cause of plate tectonics.
The student will be able to explain basic sound & light wave concepts.
- Distinguish between transverse and longitudinal waves and give an example of each.
- Explain the properties used to describe waves.
- Describe electromagnetic waves.
- Differentiate the various regions of the electromagnetic spectrum.
- Define sound.
- Explain sound waves, their propagation, and the components of the sound spectrum.
- Describe how amplitude affects the quality of sound or light.
- Explain the Doppler effect.
- Identify some Doppler applications.
- Analyze standing waves and what produces them.
- Explain what is meant by natural frequencies and resonance.
- Describe constructive and destructive interference.
- Explain the relationship between velocity, frequency, and wavelength.
The student will be able to explain basic properties of light.
- Explain the law of reflection.
- Distinguish between regular and diffuse reflections.
- Explain the phenomenon of refraction and how this leads to the dispersion of light.
- Explain the concept of total internal reflection.
- Explain the phenomena of diffraction, interference and polarization.
- Distinguish between converging and diverging spherical mirrors.
- Explain image formation and distinguish between real and virtual images utilizing ray diagrams for mirrors and lenses.
- Distinguish between converging and diverging lenses.
- Describe some of the effects of dispersion.
- Identify some applications of diffraction, interference, and polarization.
- Explain the relationship between the frequency of light and its color.
- Describe the effects of selective reflection and selective transmission on color.
- Explain what happens in color mixing.
- Explain why the sky is blue, sunsets are red, clouds are white, and bodies of water are greenish blue.
- Describe how light behaves as a wave and a particle.
The student will be able to explain the solar system.
- Describe human exploration of the moon.
- Describe the phases of the moon and explain why we see moon phases.
- Explain how eclipses occur.
- Describe the three types of eclipses.
- Describe the characteristics of the planets.
- Describe the characteristics of asteroids, comets, and meteoroids.
- Explain the relationship between the size of the planets, the sun, and other stars.
- Describe the structure of comets.
- Explain the difference between meteoroids, meteors, and meteorites.
- Explain the formation of the solar system.
- Describe the shape of the orbit of the planets.
- Describe the structure of the sun and explain how it creates energy.
- Describe sunspots.
The student will be able to explain stellar evolution.
- Explain the difference between absolute and apparent magnitude.
- Explain main sequence equilibrium.
- Describe how stars are categorized according to their magnitude and surface temperature (Hertzprung-Russell diagram).
- Describe the birth of a star (clouds of dust and gas).
- Explain stellar evolution (formation, life, and death of a star) for both low mass and high mass stars.
- Explain the formation of heavy elements.
The student will demonstrate the competent use of common instruments and technology used in scientific investigation.
- Use the metric system and common instruments of measure to determine mass, length, volume, and temperature.
- Correctly use various kinds of scientific equipment and metering devices.
The student will be able to communicate in the language of the discipline.
- Read critically
- Write effectively
- Listen actively
- Speak effectively
- Develop and interpret graphs and flow charts
The student will engage in the critical thinking of the discipline.
- Integrate concepts
- Solve problems
- Draw logical conclusions
- Make predictions based on evidence
- Identify trends and patterns
The student will associate and cooperate with peers.
- Work in small groups
- Accept responsibility for his/her share of the work
CONTENT OUTCOMES The student will be able to use the metric system of measurement.
- Recognize reasonable measurements and appropriate units
- Demonstrate correct measurement techniques using a meter stick, graduated cylinder and balance.
- Estimate common measurements using metric units.
- Use the measuring equipment to acquire data, carry out appropriate conversions between units and analyze the significance of the data.
The student will be able to explain the scientific method.
- Define measurements, controls, variable, data, inferences, observations, hypothesis, theory, scientific law, and the scientific method.
- List the steps in the scientific method.
- Identify the components of a well-designed experiment.
- Distinguish between observations and measurements.
- Distinguish between a guess, hypothesis, and theory.
- Draw a valid conclusion from a set of observations.
- Construct and interpret graphs.
- Develop a hypothesis and propose an experiment for a testable question.
The student will be able to explain basic thermodynamics concepts.
- Describe the different phases of matter.
- Describe the ways in which clouds develop in the atmosphere.
- Explain the relationship between temperature and average kinetic theory of molecules.
- Describe air masses and how they form.
- Describe how different kinds of thermometers work.
- Describe the types of violent weather.
- Describe the common temperature scales.
- Describe the symbols on a weather map and use that information to forecast weather.
- Be able to convert between different temperature scales.
- Define heat.
- Explain the relationship between temperature difference and heat transfer
- Define the units of heat energy.
- Explain the relationship between specific heat and heat transfer.
- Explain the importance of the high specific heat value of water in climate.
- Describe the three mechanisms of heat transfer.
- Differentiate between heat conductors and insulators.
- Describe convection currents.
- Describe the relationship between phase changes and heat energy.
- Explain how evaporation and condensation depends on average kinetic energy.
- Explain how relative humidity is related to air temperature.
- Describe the earth’s early atmosphere and explain how it has evolved.
- Describe the components of the earth’s atmosphere.
- Describe the vertical structure of the earth’s atmosphere.
- Explain how latitude affects solar energy.
- Explain the reasons for the seasons.
- Explain the greenhouse Effect and its relationship to Global Warming.
- Explain the driving forces of air motion.
- Describe the difference between humidity and relative humidity.
- Describe the cause and affects of air pressure.
- Explain how temperature differences affect the stability of the atmosphere.
The student will be able to explain basic electricity concepts.
- Define electric charge and electric current.
- Distinguish between electrical conductors and insulators.
- Explain the law of charges, Coulombs Law, and the effects of electrostatic charging.
- Analyze Ohm’s Law and the expressions for electric power in terms of voltage
- Distinguish between electric potential energy and voltage.
- Distinguish between series and parallel circuits.
- Distinguish between direct current and alternating current.
- Describe major aspects and practices of electrical safety.