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Ergogenic Aids in Sport

LWT 253

Ergogenic Aids in Sport

LWT 253

Course Description

Prerequisite: LWT 210 or LW 222; and LWT 251; or Instructor Permission. Explores substances and phenomenon that claim to improve sport performance. Discusses the purported effects, proven benefits, and risks of various ergogenic aids.Debates and discusses the ethical questions that surround using performance enhancing substances. (30-0)

Outcomes and Objectives

Discuss the research done and available on ergogenic aids.

Objectives:

  • Define ergogenic aid.
  • Define placebo effect.
  • Explain research bias, conflict of interest, double-blind studies, study limitations.
  • Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of cross-sectional research study design, longitudinal research study design, case studies, observational studies.

Discuss pharmacological agents' roles in sport performance.

Objectives:

  • Discuss the proposed ergogenic effects, proven benefits, and risks of particular pharmacological agents (beta-blockers, caffeine, diuretics, amphetamines, ephedrine).

Discuss hormonal agents' roles in sport performance.

Objectives:

  • Discuss the proposed ergogenic effects, proven benefits, and risks of particular hormonal agents (anabolic steroids, human growth hormone, erythropoietin).

Discuss physiological agents' roles in sport performance.

Objectives:

  • Discuss the proposed ergogenic effects, proven benefits, and risks of partiular physiological agents (blood doping, oxygen supplementation, bicarbonate loading, altitiude training).

Discuss nutritional agents' roles in sport performance.

Objectives:

  • Discuss the proposed ergogenic effects, proven benefits, and risks of particular nutritional agents (creatine, amino acids, protein, carbohydrate loading).

Discuss the ethical consideration for ergogenic aids.

Objectives:

  • List banned substances for various sport organizations.
  • Discuss criteria for what is banned and what is legal.
  • Discuss equipment improvements, nutritional practices as ergogenic aids.