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Sports Nutrition

LWT 211W

Sports Nutrition

LWT 211W

Course Description

Prerequisite: LWT 210. Examines the metabolic and physiologic basis for macronutrient and micronutrient recommendations during general exercise, pre-season training, competition/performance, and recovery. Includes nutritional assessments of exercises varying in intensity and duration, training and recovery periods, and various sports demands. (45-0)

Outcomes and Objectives

Demonstrate an understanding of the role of nutrients and food in sports performance.

Objectives:

  • Discuss the sport specific requirements for macronutrients and micronutrients based on energy expenditure and metabolic pathways.
  • Discuss the role of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats as they relate to energy metabolism.
  • Analyzes of the effects of specific nutrients on human behavior in general and the neural system specifically.
  • Discuss how exercise alters the nutritional needs of an active person.
  • Evaluate recent finding on the role of nutrition and physical activity in the prevention and treatment of certain chronic disorders.

Design and evaluate nutrition plans and interventions for sport specific performance based on the efficacy and strength of scientific evidence.

Objectives:

  • Utilize critical thinking skills in the interpretation and application of research methodologies.
  • Use current and emerging technologies for information and communication to enhance the practice and delivery of nutrition information to athletes and active individuals.
  • Integrate psychological, social, and economic aspects of the environment and examine how they individually and collectively affect food and nutrition for athletes.
  • Estimate calorie expenditure for a specific sport and awareness of dietary intake adequacy of optimal exercise.
  • Develop healthy nutrition guidelines for athletes during each training season of their sport.
  • Discuss the requirement for water, carbohydrate and/or electrolytes during exercise in respect to an exercise program.
  • Discuss the importance of hydration based on optimal sports performance.
  • Evaluate rehydration fluids and carbohydrate beverages designed and marketed for the improvement of athletic performance.
  • Determine the appropriate timing and loading amount for carbohydrates prior to an event.

Evaluate body composition methods, ideal body weight, desirable body weight, and body mass index for individuals involved in sport.

Objectives:

  • Discuss the differences between body composition methods and determine which methods are the most reliable.
  • Practice different body composition methods prior to developing nutritional guidelines for a specific athlete.
  • Determine the ideal body weight for specific sport performances.
  • Discuss body image dissatisfaction and eating disorders concerns amongst different types of athletes.
  • List the detrimental effects of rapid weight loss techniques.

Evaluate the effects of supplements, vitamins and minerals, and ergogenic aids and their relation to sports performance.

Objectives:

  • Evaluate the positive and negative effects of use of steroids, human growth hormone supplementation, and dietary protein aids to enhance muscle mass and strength.
  • Discuss the biochemical role of proposed ergogenic aids.
  • Identify the vitamins and minerals that are at greatest risk for depletion among athletes and serious exercisers.
  • List the vitamins and minerals critical to energy metabolism during the stress of exercise and discuss their biochemical function.