Environmental RegulationsENV 100W
Prerequisites: Prerequisites: READING LEVEL 2 and WRITING LEVEL 2 and MATH LEVEL 2.
Presents an overview of the regulations that are related to environmental protection, including OSHA regulations, Clean Air Act, SARA, RCRA and similar regulations. Provides an awareness of why the regulations exist, how they are enforced, penalties for noncompliance, and practical experience in interpretation of the regulations. (Cannot be counted toward Natural Science credit). (45-0)
Outcomes and Objectives
The student should be able to define harmful characteristics of materials and to search the government agency lists to determine if a material is regulated.
- OSHA is responsible for protecting workers from exposures to hazardous materials.
- EPA is responsible for protecting the air, land, and water from hazardous materials.
- DOT is responsible for safe transport of hazardous materials.
EPA, DOT, and OSHA use the same two methods of specifying which materials are hazardous.
- Method 1: Through defining the characteristics of materials considered hazardous.
- Method 2: Through publishing lists of materials that the agencies have determined are hazardous.
The student shall be able to state that the EPA characteristic of ignitability as:
- It is a liquid, other than an aqueous solution containing less than 24% alcohol by volume and has a flash point less than 140?F.
- It is not a liquid and is capable, under standard temperature and pressure, of causing fire through friction, absorption of moisture or spontaneous chemical changes and, when ignited, burns so vigorously and persistently that it creates a hazard.
- It is an ignitable compressed gas as defined in 49 CFR 173.300.
- It is an oxidizer as defined in 49 CFR 173.151.
The student shall be able to state the EPA characteristic of corrosivity as:
- It is aqueous and has a pH less than or equal to 2 (acid) or greater than or equal to 12.5 (base).
- It is a liquid and corrodes steel at a rate greater than 0.250 inch (6.35 mm) per year at a test temperature of 130?F.
The student shall be able to state the EPA characteristic of reactivity as:
- It is normally unstable and readily undergoes violent change without detonating.
- It reacts violently with water.
- It forms potentially explosive mixtures with water.
- When mixed with water, it generates toxic gases, vapors, or fumes in a quantity sufficient to present a danger to human health or the environment.
- It is a cyanide or sulfide bearing waste which, when exposed to pH conditions between 2 and 12.5, can generate toxic gases, vapors, or fumes in a quantity sufficient to present a danger to human health or the environment.
- It is capable to detonation or explosive reaction if it is subjected to a
- a strong initiating source or if heated under confinement.
- It is readily capable of detonation or explosive decomposition or reaction at standard temperature and pressure.
- It is a forbidden explosive as defined in 49 CFR.
The student shall be able to state the EPA characteristic of toxicity as: a
- A solid waste exhibits the characteristic of toxicity if, using the test methods described in appendix II (of 40 CFR 261)..., the extract from a representative sample of the waste contains any of the contaminants listed in table 1 (known as the TCLP list) at the concentration equal to or greater than the respective value given in that table.