Advanced Abdominal SonographyDMS 113
Prerequisites: Prerequisites: DMS 101, DMS 103, DMS 104, and DMS 106 each with a "B" (3.
0) or better and LW 206A with a "C" (2.0) minimum grade. Concurrent enrollment in DMS 112, DMS 114, DMS 115, DMS 116, and DMS 117. Presents pathology and disease processes, normal and abnormal sonographic patterns, clinical correlation, and differential diagnosis of the abdominal cavity. (15-0)
Outcomes and Objectives
Identify normal sonographic anatomy, as well as pathologic and disease processes, of the gastrointestinal tract.
- List the four layers of the gut.
- Recognize the "gut signature".
- Recognize basic gut wall pathology.
- List four types of GI neoplasms.
- Identify the sonographic findings of Chrohn's disease.
- Describe the technique for evaluating the appendix.
- Describe the sonographic and clinical features of appendicitis.
- Define diverticulitis and describe the sonographic findings.
- Outline sonographic findings in GI tract infections.
- Have a basic knowledge of the various miscellaneous GI tract abnormalities.
- Describe enodosonography.
Identify normal sonographic anatomy, as well as pathologic and disease processes of the abdominal wall, peritoneum, and diaphragm.
- Differentiate between lesions, hernias, and hematomas of the abdominal wall.
- Identify abdominal wall fluid collections.
- Recognize vascular lesions of the abdominal wall.
- Identify the peritoneum and diaphragm.
- Have a basic understanding of various peritoneal pathologies.
- Describe the sonographic findings of a diaphragmatic hernia.
- Recognize artifacts when imaging the diaphragm.
Identify normal sonographic anatomy, as well as pathologic and disease processes of the thorax.
- Define pleural space.
- Explain the different approaches to scanning pleural fluid.
- Define pneumothorax.
- Recognize the normal sonographic appearance of lungs parenchyma.
- Recognize the normal sonographic appearance of the mediastinum.
Identify normal sonographic anatomy, as well as pathologic and disease processes of the pediatric abdomen.
- Outline normal abdominal anatomy in the pediatric abdomen.
- Explain the following terms:
- Recognize the sonographic features of liver abscess.
- Describe the various types of renal cystic diseases.
- Differentiate between the various types of hydronephrosis.
- Differentiate between Wilm's tumor, neuroblastoma, and mosoblastic nephroma.
- Describe the scanning technique for pyloric stenosis.
- List the parameters for pyloric stenosis.
Demonstrate an understanding of basic procedures using sonographic guidance.
- Explain sterile technique procedures when using ultrasound for an interventional procedure.
- List needle selection choices for interventional procedures.
- Describe a basic biopsy procedure using ultrasound guidance.
- Describe a basic drainage procedure using ultrasound guidance.
- Explain techniques for needle visualization during invasive procedures.
- List indications for invasive procedures in the abdomen, pelvis, and small parts.
- List indications for invasive procedures in an obstetrical patient.
- Discuss sterile techniques and protocols for intraoperative scanning.
Identify normal sonographic anatomy, as well as pathologic and disease processes of the spleen.
- Understand embryology and anatomy of the spleen.
- Recognize anatomic structures of the spleen.
- Differentiate between benign and malignant lesions of the spleen.
- Describe the sonographic findings with spleen trauma.
- List congenital abnormalities of the spleen.
- Understand basic scanning techniques to identify normal and abnormal splenic anatomy.