Introduction to OB/GYN SonographyDMS 104
Prerequisite: DMS 100, DMS 105W, DMS 107, DMS 107L, DMS 108W with a "B" (3.0) grade or better. Concurrent enrollment in DMS 101W DMS 103, and DMS 106W. Discusses various aspects of OB/GYN sonography. Studies normal sectional anatomy and development, fetal assessment, normal and abnormal sonographic patterns, along with techniques and protocols. (30-0)
Outcomes and Objectives
Understand structure, orientation, and the sonographic appearance of the female pelvis.
- Describe the anatomy, physiology, and function of the female reproductive organs of the pelvis.
- Recognize the sonographic appearance of the organs, muscles, and surrounding structures of the true pelvis.
- Define key words relating to the female pelvis in sonography.
Understand normal sonographic anatomy, as well as pathologic and disease processes of the pelvis.
- Outline normal anatomic structure of the uterus and ovaries.
- Recognize congenital abnormalities of the uterus.
- List abnormalities of the myometrium and correlate with sonographic findings.
- Describe abnormalities of the endometrium and correlate with sonographic findings.
- Identify the features of non-neoplastic lesions.
- List ovarian neoplasms and describe the sonographic findings.
- List uterine neoplasms and describe the sonographic findings.
- Define pelvic inflammatory disease.
- Know the sonographic findings of the pelvic inflammatory disease.
- Recognize non-gynecologic pelvic masses.
- Understand post-menopausal changes and the sonographic findings.
- Identify post-partum pelvic pathological conditions.
Demonstrate a basic understanding of human reproduction and embryology.
- Identify basic anatomy of the femal reproductive system.
- Explain the functions of estrogen.
- Explain the functions of progesterone.
- Describe the ovarian cycle.
- Discuss the differences between FSH and LH.
- Define the the following terms:
- Correlate and describe ovarian cycle, hormonal cycle, and menstrual cycle.
- Define the following terms:
- Define implantation.
- Identify the anatomy relating to the placenta.
- List the three primary germ layers of the embryonic disk.
- Explain the developmental process of the embryo during the first 12 weeks.
- Identify the extraembryonic membranes.
Recognize and understand the first trimester pathology in a pregnancy.
- Recognize the signs of embryonic demise.
- Know the amnion and yolk sac criteria for a normal pregnancy.
- Recognize the normal measurement parameters in a 1st trimester pregnancy.
- Correlate clinical labs with sonographic findings in 1st trimester pregnancy.
- List the classic signs and symptoms of ectopic pregnancy.
- Describe the sonographic findings of ectopic pregnancy.
- Explain the terms "missed AB" and "Blighted Ovum".
- Identify normal and abnormal masses in 1st trimester pregnancy.
Understand structure, orientation, and sonographic appearance of a fetus in an obstetrical sonographic exam.
- Describe the locations and functions of the early support tissues of the gestation.
- Explain the early embryogenesis of the fetal organs and organ systems.
- Recognize the sonographic appearance of the gestational sac and early embryo.
- Know the role of the placenta in supporting gestation.
- List the organs that become visible during the second trimester and describe their sonographic appearance.
- Describe the sonographic measurements of the fetus performed during the second and third trimesters.
- Define key words relating to obstetric sonography.
Understand the role of obstetric sonography and the steps to produce a quality obstetric examination.
- Know the differences between the different levels of obstetric ultrasound evaluation.
- List the indications for an obstetric ultrasound.
- Explain the term "Biochemical screening".
- Describe the objectives of an obstetric ultrasound.
- Know the protocol for a complete obstetric ultrasound.
- Recognize normal fetal anatomy.
- Understand basic screening techniques to identify normal fetal anatomy.
Understand normal fetal growth parameters.
- Know the protocol for 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimester dating.
- Understand basic scanning techniques for obtaining fetal parameters.
- Correlate fetal parameters with gestational age.
- Explain the recommended approach to fetal weight estimation.
- Assess fetal weight in relation to fetal age.