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Dental Hygiene Seminar III

DH 228

Dental Hygiene Seminar III

DH 228

Course Description

Prerequisites: Prerequisites: DH 210, DH 213, DH 214, DH 215, DH 216 and DH 219 each with a "C" (2.

0) minimum grade. Concurrent Enrollment in DH 222, DH 225, DH 227, DH 229 and LWA 206C. Provides theory and techniques of treating patients with chemical dependencies and special needs. Includes the coordination of treatment phases of the AIDS patient. (15-0)

Outcomes and Objectives

Recognize and assess the signs and symptoms of the oral tissue of a pregnant woman. The student will possess a general knowledge of treatment protocol in order to be able to explain how the pregnant patient should care for themselves during this time period.

Objectives:

  • Review the various infectious diseases and drugs that can effect a fetus and infant if a pregnant woman encounters these diseases and drugs.
  • Describe the clinical symptoms of the gingiva which may occur during pregnancy.
  • Explain how the physiological and psychological factors of a pregnancy affects a dental hygiene appointment.
  • Describe in detail the measures employed in the dental hygiene care of a pregnant woman, including patient instruction.
  • Describe how you would handle the numerous "old wives' tales" when providing information to the pregnant woman. The most common one is the misconception concerning the withdrawal of calcium from the mother's teeth.
  • Explain how prenatal fluoride taken by the mother will or will not effect the caries rate in the newborn child.

Recognize and assess the signs and symptoms of the oral tissue of a preadolescent, adolescent and postmenopausal patients. The student will possess a general knowledge of treatment protocol in order to be able to explain how these patient should care for themselves during this time period.

Objectives:

  • Define the following terms:
  • Describe the characteristics, psychological factors, and oral conditions of an adolescent patient (include puberty changes).
  • Describe in detail the measures employed in the dental hygiene care of an adolescent patient.
  • Discuss briefly the oral conditions of a patient going through menstruation and how oral contraceptives can effect the oral condition.
  • Describe the characteristics and oral conditions of a person going through menopause.
  • Describe in detail the measures employed in the dental hygiene care of a menopausal patient.

Properly demonstrate the care of a homebound, bedridden or helpless patient. The student will possess the general knowledge in how to treat these patients and teach care givers how to provide proper oral hygiene care to patients in their care.

Objectives:

  • Define what a homebound patient is.
  • List and explain the five objectives in attaining optimal oral health for a patient that is homebound.
  • Explain the need for proper preparation for a home visit.
  • Write out a detail list of the equipment needed for a home visit.
  • List the different items that have to be taken into consideration when approaching a homebound patient.
  • Demonstrate various ways in which you would work on a patient that is confined to a bed or cannot be placed in an upright position.
  • State what constitutes a helpless patient.
  • List and explain the three objectives in attaining optimal oral health for a patient that is helpless or unconscious.
  • Explain at least two methods that you would apply in maintaining the oral health of a helpless patient.
  • Prepare a lesson plan for teaching a care giver how to properly care for a homebound, bedridden or helpless patient.

Recognize and assess the signs and symptoms of patient that is a substance abuser. The student will possess a general knowledge of treatment protocol in order to effectively treat these patients.

Objectives:

  • State at least three signs for each of the following:
  • Discuss the possible causes of alcoholism in terms of the agent (ethyl alcohol), the host (drinker), and the environment (psychosocial/cultural setting in which drinking occurs).
  • Identify short-term effects of alcohol on sensation and perception, emotions, sleep, motor skills, sexuality, and the function of the kidneys, heart, blood vessels and liver.
  • Identify long-term effects of heavy alcohol consumption on the gastrointestinal system, the liver, nutritional status, nervous system, endocrine system, mental functions, cardiovascular system, skeletal muscles and the development of certain cancers and specific infectious diseases.
  • Describe the predisposing factors, features and complications with the "withdrawal syndrome."
  • Name the three general stages of alcoholism treatment and rehabilitation.
  • Define the following terms:
  • Distinguish among each of the following therapies for alcoholism:
  • Develop a complete treatment plan for working with a patient that is abusing alcohol.
  • Identify several patterns and trends in the use of tobacco products.
  • Estimate the number and percentage of Americans who smoke and use smokeless products.
  • Define the following terms: lower-yield cigarette, snuff, "smokeless tobacco."
  • List several complications resulting from maternal smoking during pregnancy.
  • Compare the health hazards associated with smoking with those now related to smokeless forms of tobacco.
  • Explain why people continue to smoke in spite of scientific evidence that smoking is harmful to health.
  • Describe five techniques for reducing the risks of smoking for those who cannot or will not stop.
  • Name at least five benefits of smoking cessation.
  • Explain the role of a dental hygienist when dealing with a patient that abuses tobacco.

Recognize and assess the signs and symptoms of the oral tissues of an AIDS patient. The student will possess a general knowledge of treatment protocol in order to treat the AIDS patients and be able to explain how the AIDS patients should care for themselves during this time period.

Objectives:

  • Explain the two phases of the life cycle of HIV:
  • State the clinical categories of the HIV classification system.
  • Explain the various symptoms of HIV disease.
  • Explain where the virus is found in the human body.
  • Identify the high to low behavior risk factors in relation to HIV infection.
  • Identify the numerous oral manifestations of HIV infection.
  • Explain some of the psychosocial aspects faced by people with AIDS (PWA's).
  • Explain confidentiality is an extremely important issue in the treatment and work with HIV positive individuals.
  • Discuss three components of the role of the dental hygienist in providing oral health care for HIV-infected individuals.
  • List and explain five general techniques or procedures in providing oral hygiene care for HIV-infected patients.