Community Dentistry IIDH 227W
Prerequisites: Prerequisites: DH 210, DH 213, DH 214, DH 215, DH 216 and DH 219, each with a "C" (2.
0) minimum grade. Concurrent Enrollment in DH 222, DH 225, DH 228, DH 229 and LWA 206C. Provides opportunity for assessment of dental health needs for target populations. Includes design, implementation, and evaluation of dental health improvement programs in non-traditional settings. Evening, weekend, and holiday assignments may be required. (0-45)
Outcomes and Objectives
Understand the similarity and differences from private practice and community health approaces to care of a population. A student will also have a basic understanding of the prcesses through which health policies are developed.
- Define health, public health, dental public health and epidemiology.
- Compare and contrast the roles and procedures of a private practitioner versus a public health practitioner.
- Describe the history and organization of dental public health services.
- Identify the issues of community oral health.
- Review and define epidemic, endemic and pandemic.
Understand basic technical skills in area of financial considerations of dental treatment and dental public health programs.
- Compare and contrast the following plans according to their designs, pros and cons:
- Discuss government and other major funding.
- Discuss the status of the present health care reform.
Assess the oral health need of the community and the quality and availability of resources and services.
- Provide screening, referral, and educational services that allow clients access to resources of the health care system.
- Provide community oral health services in a variety of settings.
- Facilitate client access to oral health services by influencing individuals and/or organizations for The provision of oral health care.
- Evaluate the outcomes of community-based programs and plan for future activities.
Understand the basic concepts, including technical skills of assessing a community for development of dental public health programs.
- Identify the items to be assessed for a complete community profile.
- Define, differentiate and state indications for the different methods of assessment.
- Determine the outcomes of dental hygiene interventions using indices, instruments, examination techniques, and patient’s self-report
- Analyze the data that may be gained
- Identify how providers are utilized
- Identify barriers to dental care
- Identify the financing options available to people
- Identify the major preventative activities currently in place in the community
- Describe types of inspections & screenings
- Analyze the data that may be gained.
Understand the basic concepts, including technical skills involving planning of a variety dental public health programs. In addition the student will be exposed to the skills necessary to assume the leadership role in their community.
- Compile data in the correct way for needs to be presented so that priorities may be seen.
- Explain the criteria to construct solutions to the needs.
- Discuss the reasons for more than one proposed solution.
- Correctly write up a proposal for a health project.
Understand the basic concepts, including technical skills, involving implementation and operation of dental public health programs. In addition the student will be exposed to the skills necessary to assume the leadership role in their community. The student will understand basic technical skills in areas of advocacy building.
- Identify and explain solutions to problems that can occur during implementation of different projects.
- Review and discuss educational strategies involved in implementation.
Understand the basic concepts, including technical skills such as basic biostatistics, involving evaluation of dental public health programs.
- Explain the value of statistics.
- Discuss the limits of statistics.
- Define mean, median, mode, range, variance, standard deviation, correlation (R value), and statistical significance (p value), T-test, ANOVA, and Chi Square Test according to their characteristics, indications, advantages, limitations, and computations.
- Explain the purpose of graphs.
- Differentiate among bar graphs, histograms, frequency distribution, and pie diagrams, according to purpose and design.
- Explain the characteristics of standard normal curve.
- Define positively skewed and negatively skewed.
- List the places evaluation takes place; discuss process versus end product evaluation.
- Compare and contrast presentation of research results.
- Define the following terms:
- Compare and contrast the four measurement scales.
Understand the basic concepts of promoting health through preventive activities through dental public health programs.
- Review procedures and list ways of preventing dental caries and periodontal disease.
- Discuss methods of promoting these procedures in the community.
- List the criteria for a public health measure.
- Discuss established generalities of Oral Disease Epidemiology.
Understand the basic concepts involving barriers to care within the dental community and general community in order to be effective in assessing, planning, implementation, operation, and evaluation of dental public health programs.
- Discuss the barriers of care, including the following:
- Explain ways to reduce or totally eliminate the above barriers.
- Compare need and demand terms.
Understand the basic concepts involving person power within the dental community and general community in order to be effective in assessing, planning, implementation, operation, and evaluation of dental public health programs.
- Explain if there is a person-power problem and, if so, why.
- Suggest alternative systems that will provide a more efficient delivery of care.
- Discuss how expanded function affects this issue.
Understand basic technical skills in quality assurance, and risk management.
- Explain what is meant by quality assurance.
- Discuss what has already been designed and their mechanisms to assure quality by the following agencies:
- Explain when the mechanisms for assuring quality are utilized