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Dental Hygiene Seminar I

DH 121

Dental Hygiene Seminar I

DH 121

Course Description

Prerequisites: Prerequisites: DH 110, DH 111, DH 112, DH 114, DH 115, DH 116, and DH 118 each with a C (2.

0) minimum grade. Introduces fundamentals of treatment planning, recall systems, documentation, patient management, and communication with diverse patient populations. (30-0)

Outcomes and Objectives

Follow the appropriate protocol in utilizing Delta College's Dental Hygiene forms.

Objectives:

  • Explain the proper order of utilizing the following forms:
  • Demonstrate how to fill out each of the following forms:

Prepare to meet the challenges of the diverse world.

Objectives:

  • Differentiate among the concepts of race, ethnicity, ethnic group, culture, and subculture.
  • Explain how an understanding of a client's cultural frame of reference improves the quality of dental hygiene care.
  • Describe the importance of cultural health beliefs as related to dental hygiene care.
  • Describe several cultural barriers to dental hygiene care.
  • Identify some traditional health-related beliefs and practices of various ethnic groups.
  • Discuss cultural diversity.
  • Identify cultural aspects of cross-cultural client care.

Collect the necessary information to make a dental hygiene diagnosis and prepare a treatment plan for their patients.

Objectives:

  • Define a dental diagnosis, dental hygiene diagnosis, and dental hygiene prognosis.
  • Explain what data needs to be collected for form a basis for diagnosis.
  • List and explain the four objectives of a treatment plan.
  • Explain the four objectives that are needed for the preparation of a treatment plan.
  • List and explain the five parts of a total treatment plan.
  • Explain the three basic characteristics of an effective treatment plan.
  • Explain in detail the three different steps in planning a treatment plan for a patient.
  • Describe in detail the four criteria for determining the sequence of a treatment plan.
  • Explain the importance of gaining the informed consent from your patients and briefly describe how informed consent is achieved in the dental clinic.
  • Demonstrate how to fill out the various treatment forms used in the dental clinic.

Explain the various parts of an evaluation and maintenance program.

Objectives:

  • Explain the need for evaluating.
  • Describe the 3 phases of periodontal evaluation.
  • List the 6 areas that need to be evaluated and explain how these items should be evaluated.
  • Explain the 6 factors that determine appointment frequency for maintenance.
  • Briefly explain the 4 categories of Periodontal Maintenance Therapy (PMT)
  • During a maintenance appointment list the 9 items that you are going to evaluate before you start a prophy.

Explain the importance of designing a recall system for their patients and design a recall system for their patients.

Objectives:

  • State the purpose of a recall system
  • Explain how to determine the period of time between recall appointments. Include examples of the types of patients that might be on a three, six or one year recall.
  • List the procedures typically done in a recall appointment.
  • Compare and contrast the different recall systems, include: format, pros and cons.

Construct a preventive program for their patients.

Objectives:

  • Define and give an example of the following levels of prevention:
  • Name the five general approaches to prevention of dental caries or periodontal disease.
  • Name the four convenient categories that aid in classifying dental disease and in planning oral disease prevention and treatment programs.
  • List the two general objectives of disease control.
  • List the two reasons why dental health is neglected.
  • Explain the difference between Immediate and Long Range Planning.
  • Explain the value of teaching before starting treatment.
  • Discuss the value of Presentation, Demonstration, and Practice in a successful program.
  • List the five items that influence the sequence of oral health instruction.
  • Explain the value of the following when dealing with teaching aids.

Explain the various levels of learning and apply this knowledge to help their patients learn the proper oral health care for their mouths.

Objectives:

  • State the main goal of patient education.
  • Describe what is meant by attainable, meaningful and attractive goals.
  • Explain the six steps of the learning ladder.
  • Explain the following learning theories:
  • List and explain the six levels of learning attainment.

Identify the various signs that a patient may show during a dental appointment and then interpret those signs to help their patients.

Objectives:

  • Define the three inherent handicaps we have to deal with in dentistry.
  • Explain the importance of the first impression.
  • Explain what warmth, empathy and respect have to do with dealing with patients.
  • Explain how you would handle a person that shows

Determine the proper level of communication to use with their patients.

Objectives:

  • Describe the three elements of human message sending.
  • Describe what is meant by Meaning, Style, and Appropriateness in encoding a message.
  • Explain the eight ways in which people communicate.
  • Explain CARE to identify the skills a health professional should develop.
  • Explain the seven nonverbal behaviors.
  • Describe situations in which you would use the following techniques:
  • Explain the six the factors that inhibit communication.
  • Describe how you would handle the following types of patients.

Formulate a plan on how to manage a pediatric patient.

Objectives:

  • Explain at what age a child should first be seen by a dentist and /or a hygienist.
  • Explain the method of brushing that should be taught to a child.
  • Explain the value of teaching brushing to both the parent and child at the same time.
  • Explain when flossing should be introduced to a child.
  • Explain the pros and cons of having a parent in the operatory when working with a child.
  • List and discuss at least three communication techniques that can be used with child management.
  • List and discuss the values, ethical, and legal issues of a Papoose Board, Hand Over Mouth, Mouth Props, Nitrous Oxide, and Pre-op Sedation Prescriptions for the management of children.
  • List at least four qualities that a hygienist should possess to work with children.
  • Explain the value of knowing a child's dental IQ in relationship to their age bracket.