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Dental Infection Control

DH 110

Dental Infection Control

DH 110

Course Description

Prerequisite: Current validation for Dental Hygiene Program. Presents theory and application of procedures and skills necessary to control transmissible diseases. Provides opportunities to practice Universal Precautions for the patient, professional, environment, and facilities. (15-30)

Outcomes and Objectives

Identify diseases and their characteristics and treatment protocol in order to understand the procedures used to prevent transmission within the dental office.

Objectives:

  • Describe the infectious disease process including the six essential links of the chain of disease transmission. In addition, list possible ways to break this chain in a dental office.
  • Define the following terms:
  • Review the following terms from your Microbiology or Medical Terminology course:
  • Discuss briefly general factors and procedures that increase or decrease the possibility of airborne and autogenous infection occurring.
  • List the following information about each disease that is numbered (Table 2-1 pp. 14-15):

Value the need for personal general health in relationship to treating patients in the dental office. The student will have the knowledge and ability to follow the recommended procedures to prevent disease transmission within the dental office.

Objectives:

  • Define the following terms:
  • Discuss the need and the tests that an annual medical exam should include.
  • List the immunizations that are needed as a health care provider. Also include if a possible booster is needed and if so how often.
  • Explain how the following factors alter normal defenses to disease:
  • Explain how medical histories can help with infection control. Also discuss the limitation of a medical history.
  • List the physical barriers that are used by the operator and/or patient to prevent transmission of infectious agents. Also discuss proper utilization of these barriers.
  • Discuss principles and facilities needed to perform proper hand washing techniques.
  • Demonstrate proper hand washing using the short scrub technique. Compare and contrast different hand washing techniques.

Value the need for personal general health in relationship to treating patients in the dental office. The student will have the knowledge and ability to follow the recommended procedures to prevent disease transmission within the dental office.

Objectives:

  • Define the following terms:
  • Review the following terms from Microbiology
  • Describe basic considerations and the ideal features of a dental office for infection control.
  • Describe (include disadvantages and advantages) and prepare instruments for autoclaving and chemiclaving using the following techniques:
  • Compare and contrast the following methods of sterilization:
  • Explain different systems to monitor sterilization procedures.
  • Compare and contrast the following chemical disinfectants:
  • Discuss the criteria for selection of a chemical agent.
  • Demonstrate proper disinfection and maintenance of the dental unit, operatory, and chairs.
  • Discuss the rationale behind using the following procedures: