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Dental Anatomy I

DH 101

Dental Anatomy I

DH 101

Course Description

Examines terminology of dental anatomy, morphology of the human dentitions and occlusion. (30-0)

Outcomes and Objectives

Identify and explain the function of the 25 various parts of a tooth.

Objectives:

  • Define and locate the following structures on models and extracted specimen.
  • Explain the importance of the following tissues and describe their location on a tooth.
  • Explain what the following initials stand for:

Apply the terminology of occlusion and identify the classification of occlusion.

Objectives:

  • Define and identify the following terms:
  • Explain the difference between a Class I, II, and III occlusion according to tooth relationship and facial profile.
  • Identify the different permanent and primary classification of occlusion on the orthodontic models.
  • Explain the three different types of dysplasia.
  • State the Hereditary, Systemic and Extrinsic factors that affect occlusion.
  • Define the terms stated on pages 63 and 64.

Apply the basic terminology used in dentistry.

Objectives:

  • Name and locate the two bones that make up the dental arches.
  • Name and locate the various surfaces on an anterior and posterior tooth.
  • Explain the causes of the following conditions:
  • Identify which teeth are considered succedaneous and non-succedaneous.
  • Define the following terms:
  • Locate the following structures on a typodont.

Demonstrate how a tooth is divided.

Objectives:

  • Using figures 3,4, & 5 label the thirds of a tooth.
  • Identify which direction a tooth is facing when using the following divisions.

Demonstrate how the two dentition are coded.

Objectives:

  • Name the teeth in the primary and permanent dentition.
  • Identify the number of teeth in the primary and permanent dentition.
  • Describe the three different dentition in humans, and giving the approximate time periods that they occur in.
  • Demonstrate the Universal, Palmer and International methods of charting the primary and permanent dentition.

Identify and explain the role of teeth in the primary dentition.

Objectives:

  • Explain the importance of retaining all primary teeth until mother nature exfoliates them.
  • State the reason why there is a natural space between the primary teeth.
  • Explain the three stages of tooth eruption.
  • Explain what is meant by the following terms:
  • List the various functions of primary teeth.

Explain the role, identify and apply specific characteristic of the primary and permanent incisors.

Objectives:

  • Define and locate the following terms:
  • Identify the natural specimens of the permanent and primary incisors, according to their name, quadrant, arch, class and number/letter from the Universal Code.
  • State the approximate date of eruption and calcification dates for each incisor.
  • Locate the proximal contact for each permanent tooth.
  • State the approximate root length for each permanent tooth.
  • Identify the shapes and location of the longitudinal grooves on each permanent tooth.
  • State the kinds of variations most commonly found in each incisor and compare these incisors with each other.
  • Compare the permanent incisors with the primary incisors.

Explain the role, identify and apply specific characteristic of the primary and permanent cuspids.

Objectives:

  • Define and locate the following terms:
  • Identify the natural specimens of the permanent and primary cuspids, according to their name, quadrant, arch, class and number/letter from the Universal Code.
  • State the approximate date of eruption and calcification dates for each cuspid.
  • Locate the proximal contact for each permanent tooth.
  • State the approximate root length for each permanent tooth.
  • Identify the shapes and location of the longitudinal grooves on each permanent tooth.
  • State the kinds of variations most commonly found in each cuspid and compare these cuspids with each other.
  • Compare the permanent cuspids with the primary cuspids.

Explain the role, identify and apply specific characteristic of the permanent premolars.

Objectives:

  • Define and locate the following:
  • Identify the natural specimens of the permanent premolars, according to their name, quadrant, arch, class and number/letter from the Universal Code.
  • State the approximate date of eruption and calcification dates for each premolar.
  • Locate the proximal contact for each permanent tooth.
  • State the approximate root length for each permanent tooth.
  • Identify the shapes and location of the longitudinal grooves on each permanent tooth.
  • State the kinds of variations most commonly found in each premolar and compare these premolars with each other.
  • Identify the root/roots of the premolars according to their surfaces.
  • Explain the reason why the term bicuspid is an incorrect term.
  • Identify the different occlusal grooves on each of the four premolars.
  • Identify the three different occlusal patterns found only on the mandibular 2nd premolar.

Explain the role, identify and apply specific characteristic of the primary and permanent molars.

Objectives:

  • Define and locate the following terms:
  • Identify the natural specimens of the permanent and primary molars, according to their name, quadrant, arch, class and number/letter from the Universal Code.
  • State the approximate date of eruption and calcification dates for each molar.
  • Locate the proximal contact for each permanent tooth.
  • State the approximate root length for each permanent tooth.
  • Identify the shapes and location of the longitudinal grooves on each permanent tooth.
  • State the kinds of variations most commonly found in each molar and compare these molars with each other.
  • Identify the root/roots of the molars according to their surfaces.
  • List the cusp size from the occlusocervical and mesiodistal measurements from the longest to shortest and largest to smallest on the Maxillary and Mandibular 1st and 2nd molars.
  • Identify the different occlusal grooves on each of the molars.