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Dental Health and Nutrition

DA 117W

Dental Health and Nutrition

DA 117W

Course Description

Prerequisites: Prerequisites: BIO 140W or BIO 152W and BIO 153W; any approved College Composition I; and COM 112W or COM 114W, with a "C" (2.

0) or better in in each. Concurrent enrollment in 113W. Emphasizes oral hygiene, general and applied nutrition, as well as patient motivation techniques. Dental health projects required. (15-0)

Outcomes and Objectives

Explain the importance of preventive dentistry and the staff's role.

Objectives:

  • Compare primary, secondary, and tertiary preventive dentistry.
  • Identify the costs involved in each preventive dentistry.
  • List the dental specialties and identify their roles in prevention.
  • Name the dental assistant's role in preventive dentistry.
  • List the means of controlling plaque disease.

Select a proper rinse and demonstrate its use.

Objectives:

  • Compare cosmetic and therapeutic functions of mouthrinse.
  • Explain and demonstrate mouth rinsing.

Explain and demonstrate care of dental appliances.

Objectives:

  • Explain and demonstrate proper care of:

Identify the five food groups and their nutrients.

Objectives:

  • Explain the following terms:
  • Compare the calories per gram of carbohydrates, fat, alcohol, and protein.
  • List the five food groups.
  • Provide nutrients, functions, and food sources for each food group.
  • Explain the "other group".
  • Name the nutrients that effect the oral cavity and dentition the most.

Explain the components of a food label.

Objectives:

  • Explain parts of food label.
  • Recognize ingredient amounts.
  • Explain low sodium, very low sodium, sodium free, reduced sodium, unsalted.
  • Explain the following terms:
  • Recognize serving sizes.
  • Collect and evaluate food labels from own usage.

Analyze a food diary.

Objectives:

  • Record own personal diet for one day.
  • Ffollow procedures indicated on diet evaluation worksheet.
  • Tabulate and evaluate diet intake.
  • Complete all forms and tabulate totals.

Relate carbohydrates to the oral cavity and caries production.

Objectives:

  • Recognize functions of carbohydrates.
  • List sources of complex and refined carbohydrates.
  • Compare monosaccharide, disaccharide, and polysaccharides and provide examples of each.
  • Compare the following sweeteners:
  • List non-nutritive sweetener.
  • Define dietary fiber.
  • List source of fiber.
  • State function.
  • State fiber requirements.
  • Compare low and high fiber intake.

Relate fats to the health of the oral cavity.

Objectives:

  • State functions of fat.
  • List sources of fat.
  • Explain triglycerides.
  • Compare saturated and unsaturated fat.
  • Explain cholesterol levels.

Relate proteins to the health of the oral cavity.

Objectives:

  • List major functions of protein.
  • List sources of protein.
  • Compare complete, incomplete and complementary proteins.

Relate vitamins to the health of the oral cavity.

Objectives:

  • Define vitamins.
  • Compare fat soluble to water soluble vitamins.
  • State functions, sources, signs of deficiency and megadose risks for:

Relate minerals to the health of the oral cavity.

Objectives:

  • Define minerals.
  • Compare macrominerals to microminerals.
  • State functions, sources, signs of deficiency and megadose risks for calcium, phosphorous, magnesium, potassium, sodium, sulfur, chloride, iron, copper, zinc, iodine, and fluorine as they relate to the oral cavity and tooth development.

Describe the role of plaque and calculus in caries and periodontal disease.

Objectives:

  • Define plaque, pellicle, and calculus.
  • List and describe the phases of the life cycle of plaque.
  • Compare pellicle, plaque, material abla, food debris, and calculus.
  • Recognize the development and effects of periodontal disease.
  • Compare gingivitis to periodontitis.
  • Describe the effect of plaque and calculus on the oral cavity.
  • Compare dental plaque to material abla.

Relate water to the health of the oral cavity.

Objectives:

  • Explain the importance of water in our diets.
  • List sources of water.

Prepare and present an educational presentation.

Objectives:

  • Prepare and present two separate 15-20 minute educational presentations to school age children.
  • Follow guidelines as stated in handbook.

Analyze various oral health products.

Objectives:

  • Compare two different types of toothpaste, toothbrushes, and floss.
  • Record and analyze results on correct form.

Recognize the criteria of an ADA approved toothbrush.

Objectives:

  • Identify the parts of a toothbrush.
  • Compare the different styles and types of bristles.
  • Recognize and describe the ADA approved toothbrush.
  • Explain the life expectancy of a toothbrush.
  • Explain the structure and function of an electrical toothbrush.
  • List the criteria for selecting a toothbrush.

Explain and demonstrate various brushing techniques for various situations.

Objectives:

  • List and describe the purpose of brushing.
  • List general brushing rules.
  • List and describe effect of improper brushing techniques.
  • List contraindications to brushing.
  • Describe methods of plaque removal from the tongue.
  • Describe brushing techniques for:
  • Explain and demonstrate brushing techniques for all areas of mouth to include problem areas.
  • Explain and demonstrate the following brushing techniques:

Recognize criteria for an ADA approved toothpaste.

Objectives:

  • Name and define two types of toothpaste.
  • Explain three functions of toothpaste.
  • Describe method of using toothpaste.
  • Recognize ingredients.
  • Explain ADA approval.

Identify and demonstrate various methods and means of cleaning interproximal areas.

Objectives:

  • Define interdental gingiva, papillae and col.
  • List rational of interproximal cleaning.
  • Explain objectives for dental flossing.
  • Identify types of floss.
  • Demonstrate two methods of flossing.
  • List general flossing rules.
  • Explain the frequency of flossing.
  • Identify and explain improper flossing.
  • Identify and explain usage and contradiction of:

Demonstrate disclosing procedures.

Objectives:

  • Explain the function of disclosing agents.
  • Identify various agents.
  • Demonstrate two disclosing procedures.

Complete a plaque index on a patient and analyze the result.

Objectives:

  • Explain the purpose of a plaque index.
  • Explain plaque control recording.
  • Complete plaque index on a patient or manikin.
  • Provide patient evaluations and suggestions.

Demonstrate the usage of an oral irrigation device.

Objectives:

  • Recognize oral irrigation device.
  • Explain function of oral irrigation device.
  • State contraindications of oral irrigation device.
  • Explain procedure for using oral irrigation device.