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Chemical Plant Science Fundamentals

CPI 115

Chemical Plant Science Fundamentals

CPI 115

Course Description

Prerequisite: Instructor permission required to register. Requires that the student has already earned a technical associate, bachelor or greater degree; military experience; over 8000 hours industrial experience; or a journeyman's card. Reviews the fundamental scientific principles of physics and chemistry. (30-0)

Outcomes and Objectives

Describe the basic principles of Newtonian Mechanics and their applications in chemical processing.

Objectives:

  • Define the kinematic variable of displacement, speed, velocity, and acceleration.
  • Describe Newton's Laws of Motion.
  • Apply Newton's Laws to describe the phenomena of temperature, pressure, viscosity, and fluid flow encountered in chemical process.
  • Apply the basic concept of conservation of energy in chemical process.

Acquire a basic vocabulary of chemical science.

Objectives:

  • Demonstrate the use of basic chemical vocabulary.
  • Distinquish between physical changes and chemical changes with the use of the following concepts and terms: atoms, molecules, chemical formula, chemical equation, states of matter and phase changes, solids melting, sublimation, liquid, gas, condensation, vaporization, specific heat, latent heat, law of conservation of energy, law of conservation of mass.

Recognize the general types of chemical reactions.

Objectives:

  • Write the basic simple chemical reactions.
  • Classify chemical reaction: homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions; combinations and decomposition reactions; single and double replacement reactions; neutralization; combustion.

Learn the use of mass balance in chemical reactions.

Objectives:

  • Determine the number of atoms of each element in a chemical formula.
  • Calculate the molecular mass of reactants and products of a chemical reaction in atomic mass units.
  • Use molecular mass and stoichiometric relationship from a balanced equation to perform calculations of mass ratios of reactants and products.

Describe the rate and equilibrium of chemical reactions and the factors affecting them.

Objectives:

  • List the factors that impact reaction rate: temperature, pressure, concentration, surface area.
  • Discuss how catalysts affect the rate of chemical reactions.
  • Discuss equilibrium of a chemical reaction and the factors affecting chemical equilibrium.