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Suspension and Steering Level 1

AUTO 104

Suspension and Steering Level 1

AUTO 104

Course Description

Introduces inspection and maintenance of suspension and steering systems. Practices NATEF tasks to MLR (maintenance and light repair) level related to suspension and steering systems. (45-36)

Outcomes and Objectives

Complete general Suspension and Steering Systems Level 1 NATEF tasks as listed below.

Objectives:

  • Research applicable vehicle and service information, vehicle service history, service precautions, and technical service bulletins.
  • Disable and enable supplemental restraint system (SRS).

Complete Related Suspension and Steering Service related Level 1 NATEF tasks as listed below.

Objectives:

  • Inspect rack and pinion steering gear inner tie rod ends (sockets) and bellows boots.
  • Determine proper power steering fluid type; inspect fluid level and condition.
  • Flush, fill, and bleed power steering system.
  • Inspect for power steering fluid leakage; determine necessary action.
  • Remove, inspect, replace, and adjust power steering pump drive belt.
  • Inspect and replace power steering hoses and fittings.
  • Replace power steering pump filter(s).
  • Inspect pitman arm, relay (centerlink/intermediate) rod, idler arm and mountings, and steering linkage damper.
  • Inspect tie rod ends (sockets), tie rod sleeves, and clamps.
  • Inspect upper and lower control arms, bushings, and shafts.
  • Inspect and replace rebound and jounce bumpers.
  • Inspect track bar, strut rods/radius arms, and related mounts and bushings.
  • Inspect upper and lower ball joints (with or without wear indicators).
  • Inspect suspension system coil springs and spring insulators (silencers).
  • Inspect suspension system torsion bars and mounts.
  • Inspect and replace front stabilizer bar (sway bar) bushings, brackets, and links.
  • Inspect strut cartridge or assembly.
  • Inspect front strut bearing and mount.
  • Inspect rear suspension system lateral links/arms (track bars), control (trailing) arms.
  • Inspect rear suspension system leaf spring(s), spring insulators (silencers), shackles, brackets, bushings, center pins/bolts, and mounts.
  • Inspect, remove, and replace shock absorbers; inspect mounts and bushings.
  • Inspect electric power-assisted steering.
  • Identify hybrid vehicle power steering system electrical circuits and safety precautions.
  • Describe the function of the power steering pressure switch.

Complete Wheel Alignment related Level 1 NATEF tasks as listed below.

Objectives:

  • Perform pre-alignment inspection and measure vehicle ride height; determine necessary action.

Complete Wheels and Tires related Level 1 NATEF tasks as listed below.

Objectives:

  • Inspect tire condition; identify tire wear patterns; check for correct size and application (load and speed ratings) and adjust air pressure; determine necessary action.
  • Rotate tires according to manufacturer’s recommendations.
  • Dismount, inspect, and remount tire on wheel; balance wheel and tire assembly (static and dynamic).
  • Dismount, inspect, and remount tire on wheel equipped with tire pressure monitoring system sensor.
  • Inspect tire and wheel assembly for air loss; perform necessary action.
  • Repair tire using internal patch.
  • Identify and test tire pressure monitoring systems (indirect and direct) for operation; verify operation of instrument panel lamps.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of steps required to remove and replace sensors in a tire pressure monitoring system.